Mission Baghiratha



            Status of water supply in Telangana State:- The current status of rural drinking water supply is far below the national average. While full coverage (5LPCD) is available to 37 percent of rural habitations, only 30 percent of Telangana is fully covered, 58 percent habitations have partially covered all India, and 64 percent of Telangana habitations are partially covered. While 5.2 percent of habitations of all India, 6 percent of habitations in Telangana have quality problems.

A) Sufficient :

            The water supply for each person must be sufficient and continuous for personal and domestic uses include drinking, personal sanitation, washing of clothes, food preparation, personal and household hygiene. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), between 50 and 100 liters of water per person per day is needed to ensure that most basic needs are met and few health concerns arise.

B) Safe:

            The water required for each personal or domestic use must be safe, therefore free from micro-organisms, chemical substances and radiological hazards that constitute a threat to a person’s health.

C) Acceptable:

            Water should be of acceptable color, odor and taste for each personal or domestic use. All water facilities and services must be culturally appropriate and sensitive to gender, lifecycle and privacy requirements.

D) Physically Accessible:

            Within, or in the immediate vicinity of the household, educational institution, workplace or health institution. Within 1,000 meters of the home and collection time should not exceed 30 minutes.

E) Affordable:-

            Water and water facilities and services must be affordable for all. The United Nations Development Programme(UNDP) suggests that water costs should not exceed 3 percent of Household income.

Need for the Mission Bhagiratha: The proposed Mission Bhagiratha, Telangana Drinking Water Supply Project (TDWSP) using stand-alone independent Comprehensive water supply projects is to supply water needs of rural, urban, institutional, commercial and industrial needs excluding the GHMC and its surrounding habitations within the Outer Ring Road (ORR) of Hyderabad. There are several major challenges to be faced in providing assured water supply to every household in each habitation in the state. The state proposed to have several water networks (segments) utilizing surface water sources, mainly major irrigation projects and perennial rivers, for this purpose. The major challenges to be addressed are:

Ground Water Related Challenges: One of the major problems in the sector is depletion of groundwater mainly due to overexploitation, poor recharge of aquifers and erratic rainfall. In parts of Telangana groundwater contains a high concentration of fluoride and iron deposits in the subsurface strata, with depletion of groundwater outside the range of acceptable standard limits for drinking water which leads to providing surface treated water for human consumption. A total of 1342 quality affected habitations are identified in 9 districts with excess fluoride (967 Habitations), salinity (192 Habs), Nitrates (138 Habs) and Iron (45 Habs). However, some of these quality affected habitations are covered in the existing schemes/ongoing schemes with the limited supply of quality water ranging from 40lpcd to 55lpcd. Groundwater pollution from natural resources, industries, pesticides, nitrates and improper disposal of solid and liquid waste is a major challenge. NRDWP Guidelines provide for “Gradual shift from over-dependence on groundwater to surface water sources, and conjunctive use of groundwater, surface water and rainwater”. However, the available groundwater sources need to be protected and groundwater recharge promoted as demand for groundwater for irrigation and related supplementary uses are likely to increase.

            Sustainability of drinking water sources and systems in view of the demand for irrigation and adverse climate change factors is a major challenge. As rural and urban social and economic conditions improve, people consume and demand more water at their doorstep. Presently separate network even from the same water source is planned for rural and urban areas, which increases the project cost as the urban areas (67) are scattered all over the State in between rural habitations.

            Taking into consideration the lack of adequate safe drinking water and sanitation for the vast majority of its population, the new Telangana State has decided to provide safe and accessible drinking water to every household to usher in development with equity and dignity.

 Mission Bhagiratha: Inspiration

To ensure safe and sustainable PIPED drinking water supply from surface water sources at 100 LPCD (liters per capita per day) for rural areas, 135 LPCD for Municipalities 150 LPCD for Municipal Corporations 10% Quantity allocated to Industrial requirements.

Siddipet Comprehensive Drinking Water Scheme (tap to each household) conceived and implemented in the year 1996 by the then MLA of Siddipet and present Honourable Chief Minister Shri K. Chandrasekhar Rao garu.


Mission Bhagiratha is a flagship program of the newly constituted state of Telangana. The State is enriched with rivers like Krishna, Godavari and Major Reservoirs, Nagarjuna Sagar, Palair, Wyra, Dummugudem, Srisailam, Singur, Sriram Sagar, Yellampally, Mid Manair, Lower Manair, Kaddam, and KomaramBheem projects have abundant storage of water meet the Drinking water needs of the people of Telangana State. This project will be drawing about 63 TMC (2048) of water from these dependable and sustainable sources.

  • To ensure safe and sustainable PIPED drinking water supply from surface water sources at:
    • 100 LPCD (liters per capita per day) for rural areas,
    • 135 LPCD for Municipalities
    • 150 LPCD for Municipal Corporations
    • 10% Quantity allocated to Industrial requirements
  • To provide each household with a tap connection.
  • 10% of the water in all Irrigation sources reserved for Drinking Water.

Water Drawl and Sources:

Krishna Rivers and their tributaries and reservoirs  – 19.65 TMC

(Srisailam Projects Back Water, Krishna, Tail Pond, AKBR, Paliar Reservoir)

Godavari Rivers and their tributaries and reservoirs  – 16.62 TMC

(Singur Dam, LMD, MMD, Godavari River, SRSP, Kadem Project, Yellampally, KomaramBheem Project)

Directly tapping from HMWS&SB Yellampally line  – 3.00 TMC

 Total Water Drawl – 42.27 TMC

Source Details for Medak District:

Singur Reservoir : Full Reservoir Level – 523.60 Mts

                               Dead Storage Level – 511.00 Mts 

                               Minimum Draw Down Level – 520.50 Mts 

Capacity at Full Reservoir Level: 29.90 TMC

Capacity at Dead Storage Level: 1.01 TMC

Capacity at Minimum Draw Down Level: 16.558 TMC

Allocation for Mission Bhagiratha: 5.70 TMC

Water Utilization
Sl. No Name of the Segment Water Drawl per Month (TMC) Water Drawl Per Annum (TMC)





















The Government (I&CAD) accorded water drawl permission for 39.272 TMC i.e., under the Krishna Basin 19.6 TMC and Godavari Basin 19.67 TMC.

This Mega Project is divided into 26 Segments based on the topography, proximity ad ease of connectivity from various dependable and sustainable sources. The Project is formulated with complex designs and Network analysis to bring down the CAPEX and OPEX with economic design criteria.

A Smart Project:

            Mission Bhagiratha will be a smart project using automation, water budgeting. Equitable distribution of water will be ensured by maintaining proper pressure heads in the distribution pipeline networks avoiding pit drawls. Design quantum of water will be ensured to each household by providing Ferrules/Flow Restrictors.

            The Chief Minister Mr. K. Chandrasekhar Rao while guiding the officials emphasized the project which is envisaged to meet the drinking water need people for the next 30 years and become a role model for other states. Rural Water Supply department officials have been asked to ensure that pipelines of international standard are laid to each and every household. The Chief Minister expected to avail of the new central law to be introduced to use forest land for development projects and exchange the required forest land for implementing the project


  • No of Segments   :  (3)- Medak Segment, Narsapur Segment, Gajwel Segment.
  • No of Constituencies     :   (6)- Medak, Andole, Narayanakhed, Gajwel, Narsapur, 


  • No of Mandals      :   (21)-  Medak, H.Ghanpur, Papannapet, Ramayampet,

                                                    Nizampet, Narsingi, Shankarampet(R), Alladurg,   

                                                    Regode, Tekmal, Shankarampet(A), Kowdipally,

                                                    Kulcharam, Shivampet, Narsapur, Yeldurthy,

                                                    Chilipchedu, Hathnoora, Manoharabad, Toopran,


  • No of ULBs   :   (4) – Medak, Ramayampet, Narsapur, Toopran.
  • No of Habitations: 959
  • Rural households: 185923
  • Grid pipeline lines: 40 Km
  • Intra Network: 14 Km
  • Total Pipeline network: 54 Km

Staff particulars of Mission Baghiratha